This is an old revision of the document!
There are several types of ammunition available in Cliffs of Dover, we’ll go over the different types used by the Luftwaffe and explain their composition and effects. It’s important to note that although Cliffs of Dover allows unlimited use of ammo types, some were in fact quite rare and not in abundant supply.
|7.92×57, S.m.K. - Spitzgeschoss mit Kern||Pointed bullet with steel core - Armor Piercing|
|7.92×57, S.m.K.H. - Spitzgeschoss mit Kern, Hart||Pointed bullet with tungsten-carbide core -Improved Armor Piercing|
|7.92×57, S.m.K. L’spur (gelb) - Spitzgeschoss mit Kern, Leuchtspur||Pointed bullet with steel core and yellow tracer composition.|
|7.92×57, S.m.K. L’spur (weiss) - Spitzgeschoss mit Kern, Leuchtspur||Pointed bullet with steel core and white tracer composition.|
|7.92×57, S.m.K. Üb.m.Zerl. - Spitzgeschoss mit Kern Übungsmunition mit Zerleger||Pointed bullet with steel core, tracer composition, and explosive properties.|
|7.92×57, P.m.K. - Phosphor mit Stahlkern||Pointed bullet with steel core, incendiary.|
|7.92×57, B. - Beobachtung||Observation bullet with incendiary and explosive properties.|
This was the standard round of all branches of the German Military; the majority of all ammunition made was the S.m.K. type. Steel core projectile with orange sealant around the primer pocket.
This was an improved version of the S.m.K. round. Tungsten Carbide core projectile with a black bullet and orange sealant around the primer pocket.
Standard tracer round; available in yellow (gelb) and white (weiss). The projectile contains a reduced size steel core with tracer compound in the base; bullet has a black tip with orange sealant around the primer. Used to assist shooters with aim.
This round does a little bit of everything. Projectile contains a small steel core, tracer composition, and has an explosive property when it strikes a solid object. Bullet has a large black tip with green sealant around the primer pocket.
This round contains a Phosphor compound as well as a small steel core and is designed to start fires. Case head was marked with a red stripe.
This bullet has explosive and incendiary properties; designed to show a “flash” of fire when it hits a solid object. Projectile has a black tip and the case head has a black sealant around the primer pocket.
|20x80RB, Panzerbrandgranate||Armor piercing explosive.|
|20x80RB, Panzerbrandgranate (Phosphor)||Armor piercing explosive incendiary.|
|20x80RB, Panzerbrandgranate (Elektron)||Armor piercing explosive incendiary.|
|20x80RB, Brandsprenggranate||Explosive incendiary.|
|20x80RB, M-Geschoss (Available in Bf-109E-4 variants only)||Thin-walled high-explosive.|
Armor Piercing - Standard round for the Luftwaffe, less common for RAF and CAI. Armor piercing rounds will do exactly what you think they’d do; pierce armor. AP rounds will have significantly higher penetrating power than a lead core round will, but is almost useless against non-critical parts of an airplane since it will just put a clean hole through something soft and pass right through; unless of course the pilot is in the path of the bullet.
Incendiary Rounds - These rounds are designed to start fires, specifically in fuel systems. If the fuel system is protected by armor these rounds on their own are unable to penetrate the armor protection; used in conjunction with armor piercing rounds they can set the fuel on fire after the armor piercing round punctures the tank.
Tracer Rounds - These rounds are intended to help the pilot with aim, they have about the same penetrating power as a ball round unless they have an armor piercing property to them.
Observer Rounds - These rounds are similar to Tracer rounds in that they are designed to assist the pilot with aim. British Observer rounds show a puff of smoke when they hit a target, but they do very little damage. German Beobachtung rounds explode when they hit a target and are slightly more effective than the British version.
Multi-Purpose Rounds - These are bullets that are designed to do more than one thing. Multi-purpose rounds can be quite effective, but you have to remember that they sacrifice some of their abilities by trying to do more than one thing. For example, a straight “armor piercing” round will have more penetrating power than a round that is an “armor-piercing tracer” or an “armor-piercing incendiary”. The material that is removed from an armor piercing round to add the tracer or incendiary compound will affect the density and weight of the projectile.